Often, the opening of a railway for the first time is only a small incentive for a main line. The owner of the track line may terminate with the owner of the main line a contract for the operation of the contractor`s trains, either as a separate line or as a branch with transit traffic. This agreement can be continued if the old railway is developed or temporary until the line is completed. In the United States, all tracking rights agreements are submitted to the Surface Transportation Board and are publicly available. Many freight operators not only have access rights to the national network (and, in some cases, internationally via the Channel Tunnel), but also agreements that allow them to access private networks of industries and ports and, in some cases, historic railways, some of which now carry small amounts of commercial freight. The holding of shares does not automatically lead to a merger of transactions, but only to a friendly policy between them. Operating and leasing contracts generally require a stricter authorisation process from the supervisory body. Originally, at least in the United States, it was not clear whether railways such as turnpikes, where every paying customer could use the road, should be operated. The Seekonk Branch Railroad in East Providence, Rhode Island (then part of Seekonk, Massachusetts), tested it by building a short branch of the city of Boston and Providence Railroad in 1836 to its own wharf and using the entire line of the B-P. Massachusetts passed a law prohibiting doing so, and B-P purchased the subsidiary in 1839. Track rights (USA), operating rights or operating rights (UK) are an agreement between railway companies in which the railway owner grants some use to another railway company. Offers can be long-term or short-term, do not always involve the right to serve customers on the line and may be exclusive or not.
Consolidation occurs when two railways are consolidated. This is often the final step in an agreement between two railways and is difficult to reverse, except in the event of bankruptcy, when different parts of the railway can be sold to different buyers at auctions. In some rights agreements, the owner of the railway does not operate its own trains. This type of agreement can also be entered into by a partial lease. A transportation contract resembles one of the track rights, but the railway that owns the line exploits the force for the latter company`s cars. A large railway can lease a line from another company, usually the entire system of the latter company. A typical lease agreement has the effect of the former railway (the taker) of the latter company (the lessor) paying a certain annual rate based on maintenance, profit or overhead in order to have full control of the lessor`s lines, including the operation. If the tenant goes bankrupt, the landlord is dismissed from the lease. Short-term agreements are usually reached when a type of disaster involves a railway and a parallel railway is fully operational or when the railway allows maintenance work to be carried out on the line. The parallel railway often grants temporary rights to the railways concerned until the problem is resolved. Long-term agreements can be reached to allow competing railways access to potentially profitable shippers or to bridge separate sections of another railway. Passenger companies have also entered into agreements with some of the historic railways that allow them to take special trains to connect historic railway events.
Similarly, rail and rail operators have put in place provisions to ensure access to the national network and for historic trains, often operated by steam, to and from the national rail network. Since 2007, the regular lines from Stratford Upon Avon in the Midlands and Grosmont, North Yorkshire, on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway to Whitby, have been extended to the regular schedule