When small political parties grew into a modern republican party, every group with different views on slavery and federal power had a favorite son in the 1860 presidential elections. At the time of the Republican convention, three men who represented these factions emerged as party favorites: N.Y. Sen. William Seward, Ohio Gov. Salmon P. Chase and Missouri Judge Edward Bates. The fact that all three lost the presidential candidacy to a lawyer named Abraham Lincoln was the first surprise of 1860; The fact that Lincoln won the general election and then summoned the three of his Republican rivals into his cabinet was the second. Lincoln then added a Democrat, Edwin Stanton, as minister of war. Lincoln`s so-called “rival team” was considered a political moment; As Lincoln himself explained to a newspaper reporter, he did not feel entitled to take the strongest heads in the country simply because they sometimes disagreed with him. A bipartisan group of lawmakers has been working for weeks on a $908 billion package of coronavirus assistance, much of which has been agreed upon. But lawmakers are still negotiating how to develop the two most difficult areas: funding for public and local aid and the type of legal protection to provide businesses, schools and other organizations active during the pandemic. Lawmakers said they hoped to reach an agreement in the coming days and would translate it into legislation.
Congressional leaders participated in the discussions, but could play a bigger role in the coming days. “Right now, the entire Congress should come together and pass a solid discharge package to address these urgent needs,” Biden said in remarks prepared in Wilmington, Del. “But every package adopted during a lame duck session is probably just the beginning.” As Americans fought abroad during World War II, many Republicans in Congress were increasingly cautious about a long-term American engagement in Europe after the end of the war. Among these isolationists, Republican Senator Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan was the unofficial spokesman. But as Democrats and Republicans became increasingly polarized about America`s role in the world, while acknowledging the threat posed by a remilitarized Germany and Japan, Vandenberg was urged in 1945 to address the Senate and declare that no country could “immunize” the rest of the world. Vandenberg offered FDR its collaboration in post-war planning, which eventually included America`s role at both the United Nations and NATO. Years later, Vandenberg summed up his views on party-to-party foreign policy: “In a nutshell, it simply seeks national security before partisan advantage.” Politics, he said, “stops at the water`s edge.” Although health care reform became a centerpiece of the 1992 democratic platform, the issue remained an unrealized goal for much of the 1990s, until Democratic Senator Edward Kennedy jumped into the breach. To address the growing problem of health care for the children of the “working poor” – families who could not afford health care but had too much income to qualify for Medicare, Sen. Kennedy proposed legislation to create a federal matching fund for states that helped fund health care.
Sen. Kennedy, a senator as Eastern and liberal as they come, has found an unlikely partner on the gang to support his legislation, Republican Sen. Orrin Hatch, a Western conservative whose career appears to be the polar opposite. Along with Hatch, congressional conservatives were appeased that the program would not derail the search for balanced budgets, and the Hatch-Kennedy Act, which was signed later that year, established the Children`s Insurance Program (OPH).