The term yellow dog appeared in the spring of 1921, in prominent articles and editorials devoted to the subject appeared in the working press. The commentary of the editor of the United Mine Workers` Journal is typical: the term “yellow dog” was originally coined in the 1920s, which meant what employees were seen by their colleagues for signing rights to the U.S. Constitution. For example, it was customary for people to say things like, “What kind of person is willing to be a “yellow dog” and sign up for their rights to get a job?” At the beginning of the 20th century, the only trades that still baffled in yellow dog contracts were coal mining and the metallurgical industry. Moreover, it was no longer the affiliation of a worker to a union that was prohibited, but his participation in activities that required the affiliation of a worker to a union as a precondition. The union asked Pullman`s workers not to sign the “yellow dog contract” and insisted that refusing to sign it does not mean they are unfaithful. (Image: according to publications.newberry.org) A yellow canine contract is used to prevent employees from participating in a union while they are on a company`s payroll. Read 3 min Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article on the contract of yellow dog 29 U.S.C. . . The publisher of the United Mine Workers` Journal spoke for many, commenting that yellow dog contracts do not always take shape as union-free agreements. They sometimes appear as non-competition prohibitions that expressly prohibit a worker from cooperating with a company`s direct competitor, which could harm his or her current employer. Yellow dog contracts are particularly advantageous for employers because they allow a company to take legal action against workers who engage in activities prohibited by the agreement.
In 1895, when Pullman reopened his factory, every employee and interested worker signed a yellow dog contract. The employer wanted to make sure that he would never have to strike again. “Asking a man to agree in advance, to refrain from belonging to the union, while maintaining a certain position of employment, does not mean inviting him to renounce any part of his constitutional freedom. He is free to refuse employment under these conditions, just as the employer may refuse to offer employment on other conditions; Because it takes two to make a good deal. After accepting employment under these conditions, the man remains free to join the union after the end of the period of employment; or, if they are employed as they please, it is at any time after the simple termination of the employment relationship.